An impact event is a collision between celestial objects in outer space. They occur regularly in solar systems, including Solar System. They mostly involve celestial objects, including comets, asteroids or meteors, that have an orbit similar to our own. Most of the time, they involve relatively small celestial objects, like comets, meteors or asteroids.
One of the most common celestial objects that are hit by asteroids is the planet Earth. When it strikes an asteroid, the meteor will cause damage to the surface and solid material of the asteroid and will create an impact crater. They usually have an orbital path that is shaped like a football, but some cause circular or oval-shaped craters on the surface of the asteroid. They are usually very large and can reach several hundred feet in diameter. Some of them can even cause catastrophic global effects.
If an asteroid is hitting a meteorite, the impact will produce shock waves. These shock waves travel from the asteroid to the meteorite. The meteoroid, being made up of metal and stone, is not as heavy as an asteroid. And since the impact takes place at a great distance, the impact will cause a shock wave that can travel to the earth.
As the asteroid continues to travel, it creates a tail – which is what is seen from space. Because of this, the asteroid and meteorite are sometimes called “secondary”secondary” impacts. Sometimes, they are visible only from a few hundred meters away. If the asteroid’s trajectory is slightly oblique, they can be visible from a longer distance.
Some of the larger asteroids like comet do not go through impacts event at all. But there are some, like Comet Shoemaker-Levy, that do pass through the atmosphere before hitting the surface. They then make a hole in the atmosphere and fall to the surface. It’s possible that they will become debris when it hits the atmosphere and then strike another object.
Many impact craters are found in different places on the earth. However, some of them can be found close to the equator. The most prominent example of this is Chelyabinsk. in Russia.
There are some other smaller celestial objects that also can have an impact, like a comet or asteroid fragments. However, this is not always clear, as the Earth will sometimes shift during the passage of an asteroid through the atmosphere. If it passes too close to the Earth’s orbit, it can affect the Earth’s magnetosphere. As a result, the Earth will change its orientation slightly, and this can affect how the magnetic field deflects the impact.
Impact event cannot be stopped. No matter how near it is to the Earth, it can still happen. However, it is less likely to occur with more distant objects.
As for the size of meteor impact events, they are most commonly bigger than those on earth. These are caused by objects like the Large Meteor Crater (LCC) and the Chelyabinsk meteor.
The LCC was formed by a meteor over three kilometers in diameter. and is located on the Yamal Peninsula in Russia. Its crater measures two kilometers across.
While on the other hand, the Chelyabinsk meteor, which is believed to be one of the largest meteorite to hit the earth, has a diameter of about 100 meters. It has fallen in the Urals, in Russia.
Impacts can occur during many periods of the year. However, the biggest ones are mostly seen in summer, when the weather conditions are more favorable, and the Earth is closer to the sun.
What are the possible ways that an impact event could occur? Meteor impacts are possible because the Earth is rotating, and so the speed and direction of the Earth in relation to other objects can change. If the Earth is near to the Sun, it could get hot enough that it will get light, and the gas and dust that were in the air at that time would gather and could start to heat up.
When the air heats up, there is a huge amount of energy being produced, and this could cause the Earth to rotate. This can cause the Earth to tilt, and the debris could fly off into space. This can happen during nightfall, especially when the Earth is facing the Sun.
Smaller meteorite debris are much easier to deflect. It only takes one to create a big impact, but many smaller objects will not be able to do this.