Nuclear War

Nuclear War Blast
Nuclear Bomb Blast

“A nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought. The only value in our two nations possessing nuclear weapons is to make sure they will never be used. But then would it not be better to do away with them entirely.”  RONALD REAGAN

What is a nuclear war?

A nuclear war is the use of military force with the objective to cause destruction and injury to an opponent by using weapons involving nuclear weapons. This could be either through bombs or missiles. Nuclear war has been a popular subject in movies and TV shows for many years and a growing concern for preppers today.

 

Types of nuclear weapons

There are two types of nuclear weapons, the Atomic Bomb (fission bomb) and a thermonuclear device (fusion bomb).  The fission bomb or gun bomb was used on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in WWII.  The majority of current nuclear weapons are thermonuclear devices that cause more damage than atomic bombs.

Nuclear powers

The USA (5,550), Russia (6,255), China (350), France (290), India (156), Pakistan (165), United Kingdom (225), North Korea (40) and Israel (90) are the country that are known to possess nuclear weapons.  Together they total around 13,000 warheads in total with enough energy to destroy the majority of the population and put Earth into a global nuclear winter that could last for years.  The good news is about 3,500 of these are waiting dismantlement, or maybe not.  The truth is enemies don’t always tell the truth.

Nuclear Shielding

The standard for prepared shielding from fallout is 1000 PF (protection factor).  This simple means that for every 1000 rads of radiation only 1 will get through. Using the chart below you would need 10 layers of the martials to get a 1000 PF.

Material Inches to decrease radiation by half
aluminum 2
bricks 3.5
concrete 2.4
hardwoods 7.9
lead 0.4
lumber & plywood 12
packed soil 3.6
steel 1
drywall 6.5
water 7.5

What to do in case of a nuclear attack

Seek cover inside

If available get inside a concrete or brick building or building with a basement, if no brick or concrete building available seek shelter in any building.  If you have a mask, put it on immediately as it may shield you from some radiation dust getting into your lungs. Take off your clothes which may be contaminated and wipe your body and hair off to remove any radiation particles, but do not use disinfection wipes on your skin as they may cause farther burns.  Immediately go to the basement or middle of the building where there is the most protection from radiation.

If you are outside and not building is available, seek shelter behind anything available. Lie face down to protect exposed skin from the heat and flying debris. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth, if possible. If you are in a vehicle, stop safely, and duck down within the vehicle.

Don’t go outside

The first 24 hours after a nuclear attack are the most dangerous and you should stay inside.  Listen to the local radio for news on when it is safe to go outside.

Don’t forget the pets

If your pets are inside, ensure you wipe them off and take them to the inside of the building with you.

If you are outdoors when a detonation occurs take cover from the blast behind anything that might offer protection. Lie face down to protect exposed skin from the heat and flying debris. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth, if possible. If you are in a vehicle, stop safely, and duck down within the vehicle.

After the shock wave passes, get inside the nearest, best shelter location for protection from potential fallout. You will have 10 minutes or more to find an adequate shelter.

Electromagnetic pulse

One of the dangers of a nuclear attack is the electromagnetic pulses that will be created by the blasts.  Electromagnetic pulse or EMP can wipe out power and even destroy electronics.  This means it is important to store you emergency equipment in a faraday cage or underground where they will be protected from the EMP.

Chances of a nuclear war

The chances or nuclear war have if any increased with the social and economic hardships we face added to the fact that now North Korea has nuclear weapons and Iran could have one soon.